Tetrakis Hydroxymethyl Phosphonium Chloride (THPC) MSDS

Text Box: SECTION 1 - PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION

           

 

 

 

MSDS Number: M651               Effective Date:  October 8, 2010                        Supersedes: October 26, 2007

Product Name: THPC 80% [Tetrakis (Hydroxymethyl) Phosphonium Chloride 80%]

Product Code: SMC Spec. 651             General Use: Chemical processing

Product Description: Clear to straw colored liquid, pungent odor

 

Company Identification:           Special Materials Company

                                                 70 West 40th Street

                                                 New York, New York 10018

 

Phone:                                     (646) 366-0400

Fax:                                         (646) 366-0595

CHEMTREC (emergency):         800-424-9300                 Outside USA:   (703) 527-3887

Text Box: SECTION 2 – HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

           

 

 

Emergency Overview

Highly toxic liquid, contact with eyes may cause severe irritation; prolonged contact with skin may cause severe irritation. Ingestion may cause gastric distress. Harmful if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through the skin. Inhalation and skin contact may cause sensitization, extremely harmful to mucous membranes and respiratory tract. Hazard symbols for this product - T, N Risk Phrases - R25.

Potential Health Effects

INHALATION: Inhalation of mists or vapors may cause irritation to upper respiratory tract and mucous membranes. Repeated exposure can cause asthma, associated with chest tightness, shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing.

SKIN: Skin sensitizer, contact with the skin will cause severe irritation and pain. Repeated and / or prolonged contact with the skin may cause allergic reaction and / or sensitization.

EYES: This product is an eye irritant. Direct contact with liquid severely irritates the eyes and can cause permanent eye damage.

INGESTION: Toxic by ingestion. May cause gastric distress, vomiting and diarrhea.

CARCINOGENICITY                   NTP?   Yes                     IARC MONOGRAPHS?   Yes                      OSHA REGULATED?   Yes

Formaldehyde is listed on NTP and IARC list of carcinogens, refer to 29 CFR 1910.1048 for complete information on the hazards of formaldehyde.

Text Box: SECTION 3 – COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

 

 

CAS#

HAZARDOUS COMPONENTS

%

(by weight)

OSHA PEL

ACGIH TWA

SARA TITLE III

RQ LBS

PPM

MG/M3

PPM

MG/M3

124-64-1

Tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride

80

Not established

   

50-00-0

Formaldehyde (a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h)

0.1 – 0.5

0.75       1         2         2.5

Yes

100

 

(a, c) See Section 15

(b) Indicates that the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) has determined the waste for this chemical is listed as hazardous and must be handled according to regulations in 40 CFR 260-281.

d) Indicates an Extremely Hazardous Substance, if your facility has a designated amount of this substance, Threshold Planning Quantity (TPQ) in inventory, the regulations of 40 CFR 355 and 370 apply, including submission of Tier I / Tier II forms every March 1.

(e) Indicates substance appears on National Toxicology Program (NTP) list of carcinogens, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) list of carcinogens or is regulated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) as a possible carcinogen.

(f) Indicates listing in Table Z - 2, 29 CFR 1910.1000, value shown is 8-hour Time Weighted Average. See table for acceptable ceiling concentration limits and acceptable maximum peak above the acceptable ceiling concentration.

(g) OSHA proposed a regulation (29 CFR 1910.119) to monitor and control safety at certain types of industrial facilities. Compliance is triggered by specified quantities of specific chemicals. Minimum threshold quantity for this Highly Hazardous Chemical is 500 lbs.

(h) California Prop 65, Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, chemicals known to the state to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity. A person in the course of doing business must warn others who may consume, come into contact with, or otherwise be exposed to this chemical.

Text Box: SECTION 4 – FIRST AID MEASURES

 

 

 

Inhalation: Remove affected person to fresh air; if symptoms persist seek medical attention.

Skin: Remove contaminated clothing; wash affected area with soap and water; launder contaminated clothing before reuse; if irritation persists, seek medical attention.

Eyes: Remove contact lenses. Flush eyes with clear running water for 15 minutes while holding eyelids open; seek immediate medical attention.

Ingestion: Give two glasses of water for dilution; Do not induce vomiting; never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person; seek immediate medical attention.

Text Box: SECTION 5 – FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES

 

 

Flash Point (Method used):      Non-flammable

Flammable Limits:                   LEL: Not Applicable              UEL:     Not Applicable

Autoignition Temperature:       Not determined             NFPA CLASS:  None   

General Hazards: Product is not considered flammable or combustible. Products of combustion include compounds of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, including carbon monoxide and oxides of phosphorous and chlorine.      

Extinguishing Media

Carbon dioxide, dry chemical, chemical foam.

Fire Fighting Procedure

Keep containers cool with water spray to prevent container rupture due to steam buildup; floor will become slippery if material is released.

Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards:

None

Hazardous Combustion Products:

Smoke, toxic fumes, oxides of carbon, phosphorous and chlorine.

Text Box: SECTION 6 – ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

 

STEPS TO BE TAKEN IN CASE MATERIAL IS RELEASED OR SPILLED Confine and absorb into approved absorbent; place material into approved containers for disposal; for spills in excess of allowable limits (RQ) notify the National Response Center (800) 424 - 8802; refer to CERCLA 40 CFR 302 for detailed instructions; refer to SARA Title III, Section 313, 40 CFR 372 for reporting requirements. Do not discharge into lakes, ponds, streams or public waters.

Text Box: SECTION 7 – HANDLING AND STORAGE

 

 


PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN HANDLING AND STORAGE: Keep container closed when not in use; protect containers from abuse; protect from extreme temperatures. Keep this and other chemicals out of reach of children. Avoid inhaling concentrated fumes or vapors. Refer to 40 CFR 355 & 370 for regulations pertaining to items classified as Threshold Planning Quantities as shown in Section 2, Hazardous Ingredients.

 

Text Box: SECTION 8 – EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION

 

 

Engineering Controls:    

The use of local exhaust ventilation is required to control emissions near the source. Provide mechanical ventilation of confined spaces. See Section 2 for Component Exposure Guidelines.

Personal Protection:
Respiratory Protection (Specify Type): None required while threshold limits are kept below maximum allowable concentrations; if TWA exceeds standard workplace limits, NIOSH approved respirator must be worn. Refer to 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN149 for complete regulations.

Protective Gloves: Neoprene or rubber gloves with cuffs.

Eye Protection: Protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles. Refer to 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.

Other Protective Clothing Or Equipment: Safety eyebath nearby.

Work / Hygienic Practices: Practice safe workplace habits. Minimize body contact with this, as well as all chemicals in general. 

 

 

Text Box: SECTION 9 – PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

 


Vapor Pressure (MM Hg):  Not determined           Vapor Density (Air = 1):            >1

Specific Gravity (water = 1):1.340                      Evaporation Rate (water = 1):    <1

Solubility in Water: Complete                             Freezing Point:  Approximately 32°F (0°C)

pH:  3 - 5                                                            Appearance and Odor: Clear to straw colored liquid, pungent odor

Boiling Point:  239F (115°C)                              Physical State: Liquid                          

Viscosity: Not determined                                    Volatile Organic Compounds (Total VOC’s): 0.5% 

Text Box: SECTION 10 – STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

 

Stability: Stable                                                 Conditions to Avoid: Extreme temperatures.

Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid):     Strong oxidizers, strong acids.

Hazardous Decomposition or byproducts: Decomposition will not occur if handled and stored properly. In case of a fire, smoke, fumes or vapors, oxides of carbon, phosphorous and chlorine may be produced.

Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.        Conditions to Avoid: None.

 

Text Box: SECTION 11 – TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

 


Hazardous Ingredients

CAS #

EINECS #

LD50 of Ingredient

(Specify Species and Route)

LD50 of Ingredient

(Specify Species)

Tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride

124-64-1

204-707-7

121 mg / kg

Oral – rat

Not established

Formaldehyde (a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h)

50-00-0

200-001-8

100 mg / kg

Oral – rat

203 mg / m3

Inhalation - rat

(a, c) See Section 15

       

THPC LD50 Dermal > 4084 mg/kg (Rabbit)

Text Box: SECTION 12 – ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

 

No data are available on the adverse effects of this material on the environment. Neither COD nor BOD data are available. Based on the chemical composition of this product it is assumed that the mixture can be treated in an acclimatized biological waste treatment plant system in limited quantities. However, such treatment should be evaluated and approved for each specific biological system. Formaldehyde, one of the ingredients in this mixture is classified as a Marine Pollutant.

 

Text Box: SECTION 13 – DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

 


WASTE DISPOSAL METHOD: Dispose of in accordance with Local, State, and Federal Regulations. This product may produce concentrated hazardous vapors or fumes in a disposal container creating a dangerous environment. Refer to "40 CFR Protection of Environment Parts 260 - 299" for complete waste disposal regulations. Consult your local, state, or Federal Environmental Protection Agency before disposing of any chemicals. Do not flush to sanitary sewer or waterway.

Text Box: SECTION 14 – TRANSPORT INFORMATION

 

Proper Shipping Name:  Toxic liquid, organic n.o.s [Tetrakis (hydroxymethyl) phosphonium chloride]

DOT Hazard Class / Pack Group: 6.1 / III           IATA Hazard Class / Pack Group: 6.1 / III

Reference: 49 CFR 173.202, .243                       IMDG Hazard Class: 6.1 / III

UN/NA Identification Number:   UN 2810            RID/ADR Dangerous Goods Code: 6

Label:   Toxic                                                    UN TDG Class / Pack Group:    6.1 / III

Hazard Symbols: T                                           Hazard Identification Number (HIN): 60

Note: Transportation information provided is for reference only. Client is urged to consult CFR 49 parts 100 - 177, IMDG, IATA, EC, United Nations TDG, and WHMIS (Canada) TDG information manuals for detailed regulations and exceptions covering specific container sizes, packaging materials and methods of shipping.

Text Box: SECTION 15 – REGULATORY INFORMATION

           

 


TSCA (Toxic Substance Control Act)

All components of this product are listed on the U.S. Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical Inventory (TSCA Inventory) or are exempted from listing because a Low Volume Exemption has been granted in accordance with 40 CFR 723.50.

SARA Title III (Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act)

311/312 Hazard Categories.

Immediate health

313 Reportable Ingredients:

(a) A "Yes" in the SARA TITLE III column in Section 2 indicates a toxic chemical subject to annual reporting requirements of Section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 1986 and of 40 CFR 372.

CERCLA (Comprehensive Response Compensation and Liability Act)

(c) The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) has notification requirements for releases or spills to the environment of the Reportable Quantity (RQ for this mixture > 20,000 lbs) or greater amounts, according to 40 CFR 302.

California Prop 65, Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986

There are chemicals present known to the state of California to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity.

CPR (Canadian Controlled Products Regulations)

This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS contains all the information required by the Controlled Products Regulations. WHMIS Classification: D2B

IDL (Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List)

Components of this product identified by CAS number and listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List are shown in Section 2.

DSL / NDSL (Canadian Domestic Substances List / Non-Domestic Substances List)

Components of this product identified by CAS number are listed on the DSL or NDSL, or are otherwise in compliance with the New Substances Notification (NSN) regulations. Only ingredients classified as "hazardous" are listed in Section 2 unless otherwise indicated.

EINECS (European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances)

Components of this product identified by CAS numbers are on the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances.

EC Risk Phrases

Symbol (s) Required For Label

EC Safety Phrases

R21 Harmful in contact with skin

R25 Toxic if swallowed

R38 Irritating to skin

R41 Risk of serious damage to eyes.

R42/43 May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.

R51/53 Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

Toxic

Environmental Hazard

S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.

S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.

S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label whenever possible.)

S60 this material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.

S61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions / safety data sheets.

 

 

Text Box: SECTION 16 – OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

Specific toxicity tests have not been conducted on this product. Our hazard evaluation is based on Information from similar products, the ingredients, technical literature, and/or professional experience.

HMIS HAZARD RATINGS                       Health                           3*         *= Chronic Health Hazard           2= Moderate

                                                            Flammability                 0          0= Insignificant                          3= High

                                                            Physical Hazard            0          1= Slight                                   4= Extreme

                                    Personal Protective Equipment  H          Splash Goggles, Gloves, Apron, Vapor Respirator

Revision Summary

This MSDS has been revised in the following sections:   1, 5, 10 and 14

 

MSDS Prepared by:

Special Materials Company

70 West 40th Street

New York, New York 10018

Tel.: 646-366-0400

www.smc-global.com

The information contained herein is believed to be accurate but is not warranted to be so. Data and calculations are based on information furnished by the manufacturer of the product and manufacturers of the components of the product. Users are advised to confirm in advance of need that information is current, applicable and suited to the circumstances of use. Vendor assumes no responsibility for injury to vendee or third persons proximately caused by the material if reasonable safety procedures are not adhered to as stipulated in the data sheet. Furthermore, vendor assumes no responsibility for injury caused by abnormal use of this material even if reasonable safety procedures are followed. Any questions regarding this product should be directed to the manufacturer of the product as described in Section 1.

 

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